Beginner’s Guide: Everything You Need To Know About Pet Fishes

Having a pet is one of the best fulfillment in a human life. Human are finding the best ways to pet animals of all kinds. Some go for the exotic ones, while most of the people choose between a dog or a cat.

Interestingly, a large percentage of pet owners choose to take care of some of our aquatic friends. Having to pet a fish or a lot of fishes needs an artificial water habitat which are called aquariums. Since aquariums are artificial to begin with, having pet fishes seem to be more challenging compared to having land-based animals. This is actually partly true, considering that the fishes are one of the most fragile animals out there. Their habitat requirements are so specific that if they’re exposed to waters they are not used to, they can easily die without us knowing the real reason.

Starting an aquarium hobby is a lot of work and frightening. Beginners often spend a lot of time pondering and hesitating to start their plans to getting an aquarium and start taking care of fishes. There are a lot of things to consider when having a pet fish and these need to be researched and asked. However, beginners do not need to worry about this—people around the world are there to help everyone start the hobby and start enjoying fishes at home.

Basic Criteria for Fishes

Resilient

The foremost prerequisite for a fish to be an excellent beginner’s choice is that it must be very resilient. Fishes for a newbie aquarium owner must be able to endure well to the new environment.
There are certain factors that make an aquarium a suitable dwelling place for fishes like occasional water changes, overcrowding, overfeeding, and lack of feeding. A beginner’s set of fishes must be hardy enough to tolerate the inevitable circumstances.

Trouble-Free Eater

One of the best suggestion in choosing a beginner’s fish is their diet. The best beginner fish must be able to survive and thrive just by eating dry and prepared fish food. There are a lot of varieties of fish food that you guys can find in a pet store or even in the groceries. Aside from identified fish foods, there are also a couple of “treats” that you can offer which beginner fishes would enjoy. These prepared food is already a complete diet so you won’t worry that your fishes are not getting the nutrients they need. So, having these hassle-free fishes are a must for beginners.

Commercially Raised

Commercially raised fishes are subjected to less stress and are usually the healthier. If you’re an aquarium noob, settling for captive raised ones is much more ideal.

Cost Friendly

Just like any other pets, fishes can be costly too – from acquiring up to maintaining. Ideally, beginners must choose first the less expensive fishes with fewer demands and learn how to take good care of them before purchasing the lavish ones.

Compatibility with Other Fish

Fishes are highly territorial, with its aggressiveness; they tend to pick some fight with other fishes resulting to slowly relationship buildup. Beginners’ fishes must be good natured and calm – not only to other fish varieties but to its own also.

Provided that basic criteria of fishes that suit first time owners, it will be much easier to know what group of fishes to choose. However, to aid you out, below are the simplest fish to keep because aside from being hardy, they are the quite low maintenance types.

BETTAS

According to Nick Saint-Erni, DVM, a PetSmart resident veterinarian and a certified aquatic veterinarian, the Bettas, widely known as the “Siamese Fighting Fish” is the easiest and the most famous starter fish recommended for first time owners. This fish comes in a variety of colors and it is one of the most appealing freshwater fish to keep.

Bettas is a staple fish that is incredibly resilient, has nominal care requirements, and can have a pleasant behavior as well. Moreover, the Fighting Fish is the only fish that doesn’t call for filter and heater. Likewise, this fish can be housed in small bowls and aren’t picky when it comes to food.

However, the downside of owning Bettas is if you can’t keep it away from the other smaller fishes, since they’re territorial and would possibly harass the tiny ones.

GUPPY

The Guppy, also identified as million fish and rainbow fish, is one of the most famous fish in the market that could surely brighten any tank. They are also one of the most low maintenance starter fishes. This hardy fish comes in a variety of vibrant colors and astonishing fin sizes. Guppies, on the other hand, do well in pairs; they are prolific breeders and can easily produce off springs.

Guppies are great with other peaceful fishes. They are ideally placed on planted tanks. Moreover, they are not picky eaters. They can consume high quality flakes as well as frozen dried ones.

In addition, guppies are tropical types so regulating water tank temperature at mid 70s is essential as well as changing the aquarium’s water over a definite amount of time.

TETRAS

Another perfect beginner fish are the bright and colorful Tetras. They’re tiny, visually pleasing, come in different varieties, easy to keep in multiples on a small tank can easily get along with any other peaceful fishes.

Conversely, Tetras’ tank do require a full set up comprised of heater and filter and it should have plenty of ornaments, rocks and other tank decors to guarantee that they can look for safe haven when they feel like it.

Furthermore, these types of fish are not choosy in terms of food. They will eat most of what you’re going to offer – flake foods, frozen and freeze dried ones or live foods.

DANIOS

Danios are resilient, vigorous and mild tempered fish which makes them ideal for first time owners. They come in diverse varieties with vivid colors and prints.

On the contrary, Danios feed on flake food and freeze dried blood worms, tiny aquatic insects and crustaceans. In line with its appearance, male’s color is brighter and extra reflective, yet females are very striking.

Danios are compatible with any other fish. In fact, often times, they are used as dither fish to distract violent ones from fighting.

BARBS

Take a glimpse into a community aquarium, and it’s highly probable you’ll see a barb. Barb fish comes in different sizes, variety of colors and distinct appearances and characters. They are known for their nipping ability, thus, it is recommendable to place them with fast-moving fishes.

Tank with Barbs should be well-lit and should have ample amount of vegetation. Nonetheless, Barbs are omnivorous types, they feed on crisps, fried and live foods. They are somewhat voracious with their food intake and can become highly aggressive when it is feeding time.

PLECOS

Plecos, commonly known as the Suckermouth Catfish, are regarded as the most cooperative fish to have. They help owners clean the tank by sucking the algae usually forming on the sides and bottom of the tank.

If you’re opting for trouble-free and peaceful species, Plecos are the best type of fish for you. They are generally friendly towards other fishes, yet they like to isolate themselves on heavily planted areas of the tank.

Although they pretty much can live with the natural forming algae in your aquarium, it won’t hurt if you drop algae wafers from time to time to augment their source of food, making sure they are well fed.

GOLDFISH

Another popular beginner’s choice is the Goldfish, one of the earliest domesticated fish and one of the most commonly chosen aquarium house fish. Over the centuries, selective breeding has produced quite a lot of color variations and diverse body shapes of the said species.

Captive raised Goldfish is much less hardy than the ones caught from the wild yet they do well with other fishes. Nonetheless, when it comes to food, goldfish can be competitive; they can voraciously consume the dropped flakes before other fishes can reach it. An owner should monitor and regulate feeding of this species because with Goldfish’s greedy manner towards food, it can lead to overfeeding which can be very harmful to their health.

Constant change of water in the aquarium is a necessity for goldfishes. They produce large amount of waste and build-up of their waste can produce toxins that gradually poisons the water, which can cause their demise.

ANGELFISH

Angelfish are normally community fish, and can exist with any other tropical community fish in a tank quite serenely. They are physically carnivorous, so they should be fed precisely to aid them attain best possible size and maintain health.

Though regarded as a community fish, Angelfish should be housed separately when they reach adulthood because they can be very aggressive and territorial. Also, having this species call for specific tank conditions—water temperature should be at the range of 74 F to 78 F and the average pH range of 6.5 to 6.9.

Angelfish are highly susceptible to parasitic condition known as Ick. Overcrowding, meager water conditions, poor management and inappropriate diet can all contribute to ick plague.

Final Thoughts…

Setting up your own aquarium at home may be scary at first since at first glance, fishes are so soft and looks like they can die anytime when you’re not looking. However, aquarium as a hobby have been around for quite some time now and countless owners and breeders already contributed so much on the readily available knowledgebase for successful house aquariums. So, when in doubt and when you’re afraid to start the hobby, you can always check out reliable websites that can give the best tips. Researching the behavior, characteristics, and the best conditions for the aquarium fishes you would want to have would assure you to have the most awesome aquarium of your own.

The Nine Most Expensive Cats

Pets are essential part of new generation families. In a stressful world, coming home to a loving family may be enough to relax yourself and forget the chaos of work, however, with a pet around, the feeling of safe and satisfaction multiplies a million fold.

Pets come is different shape, size and kind. There are people who prefer the exotic types like snakes, spiders, and lizards, and personally, I don’t have the slightest idea why they are like that. Anyways, for the most part, the human population is divided into two types, the dog-loving type and the cat-loving ones. These groups unintentionally compete with each other, trying to prove to the world how the best it is to have a dog or a cat as a pet.

This time, we are going to lean on the cat-loving people. The cat family is one of the most famous and most diverse animal family in the world. From household ones to lions and tigers, people grew so much fascination with these furry animals. Preservation and domestic breeding of cats are constantly being improved in order to maintain population of different cat species and also create new breeds that can be tamed and be pets for homes.

Pet cats, just like other household essentials can be practical or can be extremely luxurious. Having a pet cat is also like having a baby. People drastically change their way of living and at the same time include pet cat’s necessities as part of their day-to-day spending. Different cat breeds means different selling/breeding price. There are common types of breed which are relatively cheap and be owned for free while there are a few which costs a fortune. This post is all about that “fortune” cats breeds, in fact, the most expensive ones ever to roam in this world.

If you are a cat-loving person yourself and you have the means to acquire the best breeds there is, then check out the list below because it will absolutely be a treat for you.

ASHERA

Price : $15,000 – $100,000

The Ashera cat is a kind of hybrid cat marketed by a controversial firm acknowledged as the Lifestyle Pets. The crossbred pet is purposely a mix between the African serval – the Asian leopard cat and a domestic house cat.

This majestic cat is sold solely to extremely wealthy people who were eager to have an elite type of pet. However, controversies keep on coming on the Ashera breed’s authenticity. In fact, Chris Shirk, a cat breeder from Pennsylvania, reported that the renowned Ashera cats were actually first generation Savannahs and DNA tests proved his claims right.

SAVANNAH

Price: $1,500 to $50,000

The second most expensive cat in the world, the Savannah, is a cross between a domestic cat and a medium-sized undomesticated African cat. This breed gained its fame in the end of 1990s.

Savannah has a tall and slim body structure that gives an illusion to their appearance – make them look bigger than what that they are supposed to be basing from their actual weight. Their sizes vary from generation and sex. Early-generation Savannahs can weigh from 3.6-9.1kilograms (8-20 pounds) whereas late-generation Savannahs can weigh from3.2-6.8 kilograms (7–15 pounds).

BENGAL

Price: $1,000 to $25,000

Another domesticated cat breed ranked third as the most expensive cat breeds is the Bengal. They are one of the rarest cat breeds. Bengal cats were developed to look like exotic jungle cats.

The name “Bengal” was obtained from the taxonomic name of an Asian leopard cat which is P. b. bengalensis. They have large spots with a light colored tummy and a body reminiscent of the Asian leopard cat.

Bengal cats are usually light brown and orange in color. Their rosette spots can be seen only on their back and sides, with stripes in other parts.

ALLERCA HYPOALLERGENIC CAT

Price: $6,000

From the name itself, this breed is safe for people who get allergic reactions from cats. This cat was developed thru selective breeding and Lifestyle Pets’ scientists tried to obliterate the gene that triggers most human cat allergies.

PERSIAN CAT

Price: $500 – $5,500

Next in line is the gorgeous and totally adorable Persian Cat.

The Persian Cat is a long-haired and thick-coated breed distinguished by its exceptionally short muzzle, short legs, large pair of eyes, and round face. This breed has lots of varieties to choose from – the Himalayan Cat, Exotic Shorthair, Chinchilla Longhair and Sterling.

The Persian Cat is usually described as a hushed cat. They are affectionate to owners, friendly towards strangers, predictable and vocal.

PETERBALD CAT

Price: $1,200 – $5,000

The Peterbald Cat is initially an experimental breed originated in Russia. This breed can be bald, velour, brush, flocked or straight-coated. The Peterbald Cats have a gracefully slim and muscular structure. Moreover, they have almond-shaped pair of eyes, wedge-shape muzzle, slender and long head and set-apart large ears. They will perfectly remind you of the Oriental Shorthairs.

Peterbalds are generally sweet, affectionate, calm, inquisitive and lively. They get along well with owners and kids.

MANX

Price: $800-$4,000

The Manx Cat is more like a common breed of household cat. They are renowned for being tailless. Manx breed can be easily distinguished by its round head and elongated hind leg compared to the fore legs. They are generally small to medium in size.

Manx cats have a very expressive face. This breed has a thick and double layered coat and they can be short-haired or long.

On the other hand, Manx has four sub-breeds, they are the long-haired Cymric, Isle of Man Shorthair (tailed), Isle of Man Longhair (tailed) and the curly-coated Tasman Manx.

Manx are also known as excellent hunters even at young age. Yet with humans, they are fun-loving and naturally sweet.

SCOTTISH FOLD

Price: $500-$3,000

The Scottish Fold Cat is a domesticated breed well-known for its folded ears. With the exceptional unique physical attributes of this breed, their reputation as affectionate companions is one of the highly sought.

Scottish Folds cat is a medium-sized breed, with males weighing from 4-6 kilograms (9–13 lb), and females weighing 2.7–4 kg (6–9 lb). Scottish Folds can be long or short-haired, and they have wide range of color variations. Also, their eyes are typically round and large, and nose are short and slightly curved.

This type of breed is typically good-natured and loving.

RUSSIAN BLUE

Price: $350-$3,000

The Russian Blue cat breed is known for its color variations – light gleaming silver to a dimmer slate gray. They have a thick, smooth double-layered coat and undeniably good looks. They also have bright green eyes and pale purple paws.

These cats are famous to be very lighthearted, inquisitive and clever which makes Russian Blue cat considered by lots of devoted cat enthusiasts as a great pet choice for their homes.

Cucumbers: Do They Really Scare Cats?

For how many years, it has been bugging me why cats are scared of cucumbers. If you don’t know what I’m talking about, watch a brief compilation of home videos first about cats freaking out just because of a vegetable here. 

If you search on YouTube about cats and cucumbers, the videos commonly show the owners deliberately putting the vegetable behind their feline pets. It is just the same formula: cat eats food, suddenly sees the cucumber behind it, and jumps as high as it can. Some cats stay to inspect the cucumber while others totally disappear from the room in seconds. That’s so weird, right?

Normal Cat Behavior

To understand the explanation completely, we have to know first how strong cats’ animal instincts are. My curiosity is strong on this because I think the cucumber thing only happens with cats. I have a dog and he never makes a big deal out of cucumbers. Thankfully, I came across Love That Pet blog. One of the blog’s articles explained comprehensively the cat and cucumber phenomenon.

First, it was explained that cats are alert all the time, even the lazy ones. Cats are born predators. That’s why they are in hunting mode always. Because of their inborn strengths, their weaknesses have something to do with speed, noise and lights. Their weaknesses trigger their strong senses without warning, making them scared. Cats are overly alert creatures who are conscious about any change in their surroundings.

Why Cucumbers?

Cats are not exactly afraid of cucumbers. They are scared that something changed in their surroundings without any warning. If cats are surprised, they panic. Their primal instincts probably make them associate cucumbers with snakes. The other explanation states that cucumbers might just be a certain trend wherein somebody started it and the rest followed.

Is It Okay to Scare Cats for Fun?

Cat owners that are reading this article must be thinking right now if they should try the prank and see for themselves. After all, the video looks innocent and harmless. Unfortunately, I’m not a fan of this prank anymore after knowing the reason behind. Making cats think that there’s a predator behind them is cruel. The out-of-the-blue panic gives them a lot of stress. Continuous cat pranks lead to trauma, aggressiveness and other behavioral issues. These can also result to physical pain and damages because of the cat’s quick defense mechanism. The cat might hit a wall, fall down the stairs or break something.

However, if you want to treat your cat from this unhealthy fear, you can present the object slowly to them. They must see the whole process of you getting the object and giving it to them.

Final Thoughts

I may sound like a killjoy when I said that I don’t support cat pranks. But, there are actually other funny cat videos that are more harmless like cats playing the piano or sleeping in odd positions. If it is hard to believe that cucumber pranks are harmful to cats, then just imagine a killer clown prank being executed in front of you. That would scare me like crazy.